Hezbollah has also used the names Revolutionary Justice Organization and Organization for the Oppressed on Earth, Islamic Jihad and the Islamic Resistance for some operations.
Backing & Affliliations:
The militant Shia Muslim group Hezbollah emerged in a nascent form in the early 1970s, and grew in response to both Lebanese and regional factors. It gave political voice to Shia Muslims, were poor and politically marginalized by Lebanon's Christian and Sunni population. This political voice was encouraged to join politics with religion following the successful Shii Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. The relationship between Israel, Lebanon and the Palestinians was a third factor helping shape Hizbollah.
Hizbollah's ties with both Syria and Iran began with the group's inception in 1982. In that year, the Israeli army invaded Lebanon to uproot the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) leadership, which had established its base of operations there. Both Syria and Iran provided support to Hizbollah's anti-Israel activities, and Iranian members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard, sent to Lebanon to fight, gave military training to the group's members.
Hezbollah's designation as a terrorist group comes from its placement on the U.S. State Department list in the 1980s. In 1983, Hezbollah attacked a U.S. marine barracks in Beirut, killing over 250 Americans, and in 1984 it attacked the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon, and they were likely involved in kidnapping Westerners in Lebanon in the 1980s. The main thrust of Hezbollah's activity, however, is historically local, and aimed at the Israeli presence in southern Lebanon, and over disputed territory under Israeli control that Hezbollah (and Lebanon) consider to be Lebanese.